House 1 & 1a

House 1 was a shallow rectangular pithouse with supports in the rounded corners. Secondary supports were found set in the walls, which were poorly coated in plaster. The entrance faced east, and was short and inclined. A square, clay-lined  firepit, 10" deep, was located in the center of the room. The presence of burned adobe, evidence of fire along the north wall and charred supports and roof fragments suggest that this house was destroyed by fire.

House 1A was a rectangular pithouse with supports in the rounded corners. There was only one secondary support. The outline of the structure was quite irregular. The pit was 20" to 30" deep. Along the west wall was a secondary square room up 8" from the floor of the main room. The entrance faced east, and was short and inclined and opened into the main room. No firepit was found in the main room, but a shallow, ovoid, adobe-lined  firepit was located in the center of the secondary room. There was no plastering or stonework in either room, and the floor was irregular due to the presence of several cache pits. 

This house type is consistent with the San Francisco Phase of Mogollon culture, dating from AD 650 to 750.

Pottery
Jewelry
Bone Artifacts
Lithic Artifacts
Ceramic Artifacts


Pottery

The only substantial fragment of pottery was found in House 1. It represents about a quarter of a Three Circle Red-on-White hemispherical bowl. In addition, numerous sherds of this type, of a red-on-gray type, and of various black-on-white and textured plain wares were discovered. These are presented below by type.


SHERDS

Black-on-white types
House 1I, Wheatley Ridge Ruin
LMA 22615


BOWL FRAGMENT

Three Circle Red-on-White
House 1, Wheatley Ridge Ruin
LMA 22615


SHERDS

Red-on-gray types
House 1, Wheatley Ridge Ruin
LMA 22617


SHERDS

Textured plain wares
House 1, Wheatley Ridge Ruin
LMA 22622


Jewelry

A small fragment from a shell bracelet was found in the fill of House 1.


SHELL BRACELET (FRAGMENT)

House 1, fill
Wheatley Ridge Ruin
LMA 22612

The engraved symbols are quite deep.


Bone Artifacts

An awl made from a bone splinter was found on the floor of House 1. An antler flaking tool  was found in the fill, indicating that it was deposited at a later date.


BONE SPLINTER AWL

House 1, floor
Wheatley Ridge Ruin
LMA 22610

FLAKING TOOL

Antler, 3-3/4" long
House 1, fill
Wheatley Ridge Ruin
LMA 22611

Lithic Artifacts

An obsidian blade was found on the floor of House 1, while numerous other lithic artifacts were retrieved fron the fill.


ABRADERS

House 1, fill
Wheatley Ridge Ruin
LMA 22601

SCRAPER OR CHOPPER

House 1, fill
Wheatley Ridge Ruin
LMA 22603

STONE PALETTE

Slate, 10-1/2" x 4-1/2"
House 1, fill
Wheatley Ridge Ruin
LMA 22604

MAUL

House 1, fill
Wheatley Ridge Ruin
LMA 22605

POINTS

House 1, fill
Wheatley Ridge Ruin
LMA 22607

BLADE

Obsidian
House 1, floor
Wheatley Ridge Ruin
LMA 22608

Ceramic Artifacts

The fragmentary smoother of slipped ceramic material was found on the floor of House 1. The engraved striations may have made the piece easier to grip during the smoothing process.


SMOOTHER(?)

Slipped ceramic
House 1, floor
Wheatley Ridge Ruin
LMA 22606