The Hohokam Culture evolved in the deserts of southern Arizona, extending southward into extreme northern Mexico and northward at times as far as Flagstaff.
The Hohokam seem to have been influenced by the Mesoamerican peoples to the south. Platform mounds and ballcourts for ritual activities are characteristic features of Central American cultures at this time. Family groups lived along the river drainages, and were pioneers in the use of extensive irrigation systems. The Hohokam grew corn, beans and squash, as did other Southwestern cultures, as well as cotton, agave, and other native plants. They supplemented this diet by hunting deer and rabbits and by gathering local plants. The Hohokam were the first and only Southwestern group to regularly cremate their dead.
Hohokam sites consist of shallow pithouses arranged in groups around a common plaza. The pithouses were constructed of jacal, a type of wattle-and-daub construction. The plaza grouping probably housed lineages, groups of people with common ancestors.
Hohokam pottery tends to be constructed of buff or light brown clay, and are constructed using the paddle-and-anvil technique. These are often decorated with red geometric designs, usually banded or allover patterns of repeated small motifs.
Hohokam utility pottery is categorized as Pimeria Brown Ware.
Material: The clay is gray to brown and is characteristically tempered with mica flakes, giving the surface of vessels a glittery aspect.
Hohokam culture was not widespread and thus pottery was relatively homogeneous. All Hohokam pottery is therefore categorized as Hohokam Buff Ware.
Material: The clay is characteristically tempered with mica flakes, giving the surface of vessels a glittery aspect.