Mother’s education and the determinants of child mortality in Vietnam: Evidence from Demographics and Health Survey in 2005
Linh Anh Le ’20, Hanoi, Vietnam
Majors: Education and Youth Studies; Quantitative Economics
Since the Doi Moi reform in 1986 that transformed Vietnam from a centralized economy to a more market-oriented one, there have been drastic changes to the healthcare system in Vietnam. According to the data from UNICEF’s report in 2012 called Maternal, Newborn & Child Survival, Vietnam witnessed a great decrease in child mortality from 51.4 deaths per 1000 live births in 1990 to only 25.1 in 2005. At the same time, the continuous advocacy for investment in education as an investment in economic development has led to the increase in the education attainment of both males and females of all grade levels. Given this correlation, this study explores the factors that determine child mortality that women from 15 to 49 years old experienced in Vietnam. Using the data from the Vietnam Demographics and Health Survey in 2005, this study reveals important findings about the predicted mortality of infants and children under five years old through William Brass’s method. In addition, the findings deepen the knowledge about whether having a highly educated mother increases the chance of survival of the child, which could support policies improving gender equality and equity in education access. Last, this paper includes some determinants such as demographics, wealth, ethnicity and knowledge about sexually transmitted diseases to investigate the inequality that women with different backgrounds had experienced which possibly led to child mortality.