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Research Tips

Citation Formats

Ask the library staff at the reference desk for help and check to see if your instructor requires one of these formats.

  • APSA- American Political Science Association
  • APA- American Psychological Association
  • Chicago/Turabian
  • CBE- Council of Biology Editors
  • MLA- Modern Language Association
  • USGS- U.S. Geological Survey

Internet Citation Formats

The Columbia Guide to Online Style (Beloit College Library Ref 808.02 W152c) 

Citation Management and Bibliography Tools

Library staff can assist users with the following free bibliographic management tools.

KnightCite (

KnightCite is a free web-based citation management service offered by Calvin College.  It allows users to create an account and save citations for multiple research projects.  Citations can be created using MLA, APA, or Chicago styles.  KnightCite is also capable of exporting bibliographies in either rich text or Word format.

Zotero (

The most robust version of this tool operates a plug-in for the Firefox browser.  The tool allows users to organize citations from databases and web browsing, store the library citations on a local hard drive, removable storage, or remote web page.  Stored citations can be added directly to papers and bibliographies using a plug-in for MS Word and OpenOffice. Paper Machines is a plug in for Zotero which allows you to visualize the data held within your profile using word clouds, topic modeling, phrase nets, and geoparsing.  

EasyBib (

MLA, APA, and Chicago/Turabian citations available on any browser and available for mobile devices (iTunes/Android). EasyBib is capable of exporting bibliographies for placement in Word documents. 

Annotated Bibliographies

Ethical Use of Information, and Avoiding Plagiarism