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# Courses

Physics and Astronomy taught by national and international experts

Take classes from active faculty who have served as a chief reader for AP physics, a director for the US Physics Team program, a textbook author, a consultant for the Cassini space probe. We are actively involved in pedagogy development, international physics competitions, student centered research, and inclusivity initiatives.

## Permanent Courses

Course information found here includes all permanent offerings and is updated regularly whenever Academic Senate approves changes. For historical information, see the Course Catalogs. For actual course availability in any given term, use Course Search in the Portal.

An introduction to the fundamental concepts of classical mechanics: Newtonâ€™s laws, conservation of momentum and energy, and oscillatory and rotational motion. Students planning to take additional physics courses should take Mathematics 110 concurrently with Physics 101. Four hours of classroom work and two hours of laboratory work are required each week.

- Frequency: Offered each fall.
- Domains/Capstone: 4U
- Prerequisite: high-school mathematics, including trigonometry.

A continuation of Physics 101. Introduction to geometric optics, electric circuits, and electric and magnetic fields. Four hours of classroom work and two hours of laboratory work are required each week.

- Frequency: Offered each spring.
- Domains/Capstone: 4U
- Prerequisite: Physics 101 and Mathematics 110, 113, or 115.

An introduction to modern astronomy, with emphasis on the development of planetary, stellar, and galactic systems. Study of the observations and physical laws that lead astronomers to our current understanding of the universe. Evening laboratories include outdoor observations using binoculars and telescopes, as well as indoor observations using planetarium software and astronomical datasets. Four class hours per week.

An in-depth development of a selected area from the realm of modern astronomy. Examples of topics: cosmology, exoplanets, astrophysical disks.

- Frequency: Offered occasionally.
- Prerequisite: Physics 101 or 130 and facility with high-school algebra and trigonometry; depending on the topic, other courses may be required.

Solution of ordinary and partial differential equations, Fourier analysis, introduction to linear algebra and vector analysis.

- Frequency: Offered each fall.
- Domains/Capstone: 1S
- Prerequisite: Physics 101 and Mathematics 115. Physics 102 recommended.

An introduction to the special theory of relativity, early quantum theory, and non-relativistic quantum mechanics. Application of these ideas to selected topics in atomic, nuclear, and condensed matter physics. The laboratory will require independent use of advanced equipment and statistical analysis of data.

- Frequency: Offered each spring.
- Prerequisite: Physics 101 and Mathematics 115. Physics 102 recommended.

Relativistic dynamics, nuclear models, nuclear decay and reactions, high energy physics, elementary particles.

- Frequency: Offered occasionally.
- Prerequisite: Physics 206 and 210.

An in-depth development of a selected area of physics. Examples of topics: general relativity, nonlinear dynamics, acoustics. May be repeated for credit if topic is different.

- Frequency: Offered occasionally.
- Prerequisite: Physics 206. Depending upon the topic, other courses may be required.

Research project conducted by a student with supervision by a faculty member. Projects may include a laboratory investigation, a design study, or other work in applied physics or astronomy. The work must be documented, and a final report suitable for publication is required.

- Prerequisite: Physics 210. Consent of faculty supervisor and department chair. Physics 250 recommended.

Dynamics of particles and rigid bodies, oscillatory motion, variational methods, Hamiltonâ€™s principle, Lagrangian dynamics, systems with many degrees of freedom. Both analytical and numerical techniques are utilized.

- Frequency: Offered odd years, spring semester.
- Prerequisite: Physics 206.

An applied course in numerical methods and computational techniques related to problems in the natural sciences and engineering. Systems of equations, integration, differential equations, and parallel techniques will be examined within the framework of spreadsheets and structured programming. Error analysis and run-time will be addressed, as well as Unix system administration.

- Prerequisite: Physics 101, Mathematics 110 or 115, and some previous computer experience required; Physics 206, Mathematics 115 and a course in computer programming recommended.

Classical field theory. Maxwellâ€™s equations, waves and radiation, fields in continuous media; relativistic considerations.

- Frequency: Offered even years, spring semester.
- Prerequisite: Physics 102 and 206.

A course in experimental physics beyond the level of the 200-level courses. Students carry out several experiments that elucidate the principles studied at the 300-level, and design and carry out experiments of their own. Typical experiments include nuclear coincidence experiments, electron spin resonance, the Faraday effect, shot noise determination of the electron charge, the Zeeman effect, and holographic testing.

- Frequency: Offered every fall semester.
- Prerequisite: Physics 206 and Physics 210.

Foundations and mathematical techniques of quantum mechanics, including variational methods and perturbation theory; applications to atomic, molecular, and nuclear structure and processes.

- Frequency: Offered even years, fall semester.
- Prerequisite: Physics 206 and 210.

Topics of current research or of historical, philosophical, or epistemological interest in physics. The seminar will involve oral and written presentations by each student.

- Frequency: Offered each spring.
- Domains/Capstone: CP
- Prerequisite: junior or senior standing, with a major in physics.

Group and individual guidance on methods of writing a comprehensive paper, composed of critical evaluation of a topic or original research in consultation at various stages of revision with a primary and secondary faculty reader. This course is required to be considered for honors in physics.

- Frequency: Offered each semester, on demand.
- Prerequisite: senior standing in physics, and prior approval of a thesis advisor.

Independent library research or independent theoretical work in physics, astronomy, or a cross-disciplinary area involving physics or astronomy.

- Prerequisite: at least 2 units of physics and sophomore standing. Physics 206 recommended.

Work with faculty in classroom and laboratory instruction. Graded credit/no credit.

- Prerequisite: sophomore standing. Consent of faculty supervisor and the chair of the department.