Talk about productive: Mouat Junior Professor of International Studies Pablo Toral’s recently published Multinational Enterprises in Latin America since the 1990s marks the associate professor of international relations’ third book since 2001. Released in June by Palgrave Macmillan, the book explores the impact and contributions of multinational corporations in Latin America and analyzes such questions as whether or not they helped these countries to develop and reduce poverty rates.
During his research on the effects of multinational corporations on industries including banking and finance, telecommunications, and public utilities, Toral learned productivity increased, prices went up, and higher income inequality resulted.
Toral’s other two books also focus on the same topic but approach it from different perspectives. The native Spaniard wrote 2001’s The Reconquest of the New World. Multinational Enterprises and Spain’s Direct Investment in Latin America, and he edited 2005’s Latin America’s Quest for Globalization: The Role of Spanish Firms.
Still, Toral doesn’t use his books in the classroom. Instead, he only gives students parts of his work for them to critique.
“It’s important for students to understand the process of research,” Toral said. “Just like we critique their work, it’s not like you leave college and get to write whatever you want. You go to a conference, and they give feedback and say, ‘This is weak’ or ‘You need to develop that.’ It’s useful for the class to see that.”